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This list of questions and answers is intended to help the new alt.mcdonalds reader learn a few basic things about McDonald's and its food. It will be posted weekly on alt.mcdonalds and alt.food.mcdonalds.*** SPECIAL NOTE ***
The alt.mcdonalds FAQ is now available on the World Wide Web; check out http://www.seas.gwu.edu/student/kmhebert/alt.mcdonalds.htmlA text version of the FAQ is available here.
Last revised: February 24, 1999 If there is a blatant problem with this FAQ, please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org and I'll fix it! Until recently, I allowed distribution of this FAQ any way you like. Due to several abuses of this policy, the following is required for distribution: If this FAQ is used for a research paper or other publication, it must be cited in the bibliography of that publication. If this FAQ is used, to any extent, to create another FAQ, that FAQ must include the phrase "some information in this FAQ is based on the alt.mcdonalds FAQ maintained by Kevin Hebert". -- Kevin M. HebertHere are the most frequently asked questions on alt.mcdonalds. Click the question in the index below, or browse the FAQ at leisure.
1.) What is McDonald's?
2.) Who founded McDonald's?
3.) What characters are associated with McDonald's?
4.) Who was the original Ronald?
5.) What products does McDonald's serve?
6.) Wow! How many calories in all that food?
7.) What is the special sauce?
8.) Why only 1/2 a slice of cheese for the Filet-O-Fish sandwich?
9.) Does the beef for the hamburgers come from the rainforest?
10.) Does McDonald's offer free refills?
11.) What is "Q-ing", and how can I make sure my sandwich doesn't get "Q-d"?>
12.) Where is the largest McDonald's in the WORLD?
13.) Can you explain the McLibel trial?
14.) What is the corporate address of McDonald's?
15.) This is a newsgroup devoted to McDonald's. May I discuss other fast food restaurants here?
16.) How do I buy stock in McDonald's?
17.) Any more McDonald's homepages?
DISCUSSED ON ALT.MCDONALDS.
1.) Q: What is McDonald's?
A: McDonald's is an international restaurant business, with franchises
and owner-operated stores throughout the world, if not the universe.
There are over 15,000 locations in 109 countries, and a new McDonald's
restaurant opens every 13 hours. 85% of the restaurants are independently
owned and operated, with company-run stores making up the other 15%.
Stock increased by 16% in 1994, and 25% of all McDonald's stock is owned
by employees, licensees, and suppliers.
2.) Q: Who founded McDonald's?
A: McDonalds was founded in San Bernardino, California by two brothers,
Maurice and Richard McDonald, in 1948. Ray Kroc was a Multimixer (for
shakes) salesman in 1954 when he came across McDonalds (he supplied
their multimixers). He was in awe of their efficient, cheap, popular,
and profitable operation. Although he wasn't the only one to franchise
the McDonalds name he was the only one who was was a stickler for what made
the original work, and was by far the most successful. The Kroc run
stores started up in the Chicago area in 1955. Ray Kroc was a bit of
a weirdo. His excitement for buisness and food shows in this statement in
his autobiography: "It was not her sex appeal but the obvious relish with
which she devoured the hamburger that made my pulse begin to hammer
with exitement." Ray Kroc signed his franchise agreement with the McDonald
brothers in 1954. Since then, thousands of McDonald's restaurants opened
through Kroc. The last non-Kroc franchise, in Downey, CA, was purchased by
McDonald's Corporation in 1990. It was opened in 1953 by Roger Williams.
from the McSpotlight Home Page
3.) Q: What characters are associated with McDonald's?
4.) Q. Who was the orginal Ronald?
A. Famed weatherman Willard Scott. In the very first Ronald McDonald
commercial, with Willard Scott as Ronald(c.1960), he actually says something to
the effect of "I know you're not supposed to talk to strangers, kids, but it's
okay to talk to me, because I'm Ronald the hamburger-loving clown!" Originally he wore shoes made of buns, a cup on his nose, and a hat with a hamburger meal on it. Soon, this was dropped for the more familiar clown outfit.
5.) Q: What products does McDonald's serve?
A: Well, among other things, most American McDonald's have:
NOTE: THIS IS NOT A MENU. THIS IS A LIST OF ITEMS THAT ARE FREQUENTLY
Egg McMuffin -- Canadian bacon, egg, and cheese on an English Muffin.
Big Breakfast -- Sausage or Bacon, eggs, hash brown, etc.
Hot Cakes -- pancakes.
Sausage Biscuit -- sausage patty on a biscuit
Sausage and Egg Biscuit -- above, w/egg.
Bacon Egg and Cheese Biscuit -- Biscuit, with a circle of bacon and a
slice of cheese, and egg.
Danish -- usually cheese or apple pastry, other flavors available.
Hash Brown -- deep fried hash browned (potatoes) patty.
Breakfast Burrito -- a concoction made of eggs which is only vaguely Mexican.
Contains green chiles, onions, diced tomatoes, peppers,
American cheese, eggs, and diced sausage.
Orange Juice, Coffee, Coke, Diet Coke, Sprite, Orange Drink, Milk,
Iced Tea, Hot Tea, other beverages.
Big Mac -- McD's trademark sandwich, 2 all beef patties, special sauce,
lettuce, cheese, pickles, onions on a sesame seed bun.
The Big Mac was invented in 1974 by a Pittsburgh store owner
to counter other chains large sandwiches (e.g. Burger King's
Whopper). The buns in a Big Mac are, from top to bottom, the
crown, club, and heel.
Filet-O-Fish -- North Atlantic Cod Patty with cheese and tartar sauce.
The Filet-o-Fish was invented in 1965 by a store owner
(Louis Groen) in Cincinnati to counter the fish sandwich at
Bob's Big Boy on Fridays (Cincinnati had a large Catholic
Arch Deluxe -- Quarter pound of beef, with lettuce pieces, tomatoes, cheese,
onions, ketchup, and special "Chef" or "Arch" sauce which
seems to be a mix of dijon mustard and mayonaisse. Also
available with peppered bacon, this new sandwich is served
on a "bakery fresh" potato flour roll. It had a $200 million
dollar ad campaign backing it up, and is marketed as an
"adult" alternative to McDonald's other items. This was
discontinued due to poor sales.
McDonald's Big Extra (MBX) -- Quarter Pound Beef patty, with lettuce,
tomato, and mayonaisse on a sesame seed bun.
Deluxe Filet -- 50% larger fish patty, iceberg lettuce, and tangy tartar
sauce on an Arch bun. Discontinued.
Crispy Chicken Deluxe -- Fried 100% breast meat patty, with mayonaisse,
iceberg lettuce, and tomato on an Arch bun.
Grilled Chicken Deluxe -- Grilled chicken breast patty with iceberg lettuce,
tomato, and optional lite mayonaisse or other
sauce on an Arch bun.
Hamburger -- small 100% beef patty w/ onions, pickle, ketchup, mustard.
Cheeseburger -- above, w/ a slice of American cheese.
Quarter Pounder -- 1/4 lb beef before cooking, w/ onions, and usually cheese.
McChicken Sandwich -- Chicken fillet with mayo, lettuce, also
Cajun Style McChicken and McGrilled Chicken Classic.
McDLT -- 1/4 lb beef, had tomato, lettuce in one side of a styrofoam
container, beef in other side, no longer avaliable in this fashion.
McLean -- 91% fat free burger, made with carrageenan (a seaweed deriviative)
topped with ketchup, mustard, relish, onions, pickles, tomatoes,
and lettuce. Discontinued.
McRib -- processed pork shaped like ribs, with BBQ sauce. Only available
occasionally, it is topped with onions and pickles..
Chicken McNuggets -- processed chicken nuggets, with honey, BBQ, sweet and
sour, and hot mustard dipping sauces. Note that McDonald's
now charges 10 cents each for additional sauce, and that
this charge is not included on the menu. Occasional
sauces include Schezuan and Apple-Cinnamon.
Chicken Fajitas -- spicy strips of chicken with peppers, etc in a flour
Daily Double -- 2 small all-beef patties, lettuce, tomato, cheese, mayo.
(Not available in all areas)
McPizza -- a decent pizza with cheese, pepperoni, and the works.
(Not available in all areas)
Happy Meals -- kid-sized portions of either cheeseburger, hamburger,
McNuggets, McPizza, with McDonaldland Cookies, small fries
and drink, and a toy.
Hot Apple Pie -- This baked concoction pales in comparison to its
predeccessor, a deep-fried, piping hot delicious concoction.
Soft Serve Cones -- small, inexpensive frozen yogurt; choc., van, or twist.
Triple Ripple -- prepackaged cone. Discontinued.
Sundaes -- great tasting hot-fudge, caramel. butterscotch, or strawberry
sundaes, with nuts if requested.
Chocolatey Chip cookies -- chocolate chip cookies.
McDonaldland cookies -- shortbread cookies in the shapes of McDonaldland
Milkshakes -- vanilla, strawberry, chocolate, with seasonal ones like
Artic Orange, Grape, and the INCREDIBLE Shamrock Shake.
McFlurry -- Much like Dairy Queen's "Blizzard", candy is whipped into ice
MCDONALD'S ALSO HAS TEMPORARY OFFERS, SUCH AS THE MCJORDAN, DOUBLE/TRIPLE
CHEESEBURGERS, DOUBLE QUARTER POUNDER WITH CHEESE, ETC.
I have decided not to include worldwide information about McDonald's,
because there would be 1.) translation problems, and 2.) the size of
this file would triple. Also, while there are quite a few questions and
discussions about international McDonald's, none of them are general
enough to be included in a FAQ.
6.) Q. Wow! How many calories in all that food?
A. Exact nutritional numbers (including vitamins, fat, protien, carbos,
etc.) can be found at any restaurant in the pamphlet section. As a
basic rule though, all the entrees (and the fries) except for the McGrill
and McDLT have approximately 50% of calories from fat!
Big Mac: 490 (calories) 49% (%of calories from fat)
QuarterP.Cheese: 490 51%
McChicken: 490 55%
McNuggets 9pc.: 400 53%
McGrilled Chicken: 400 28%
Filet-o-Fish: 370 43%
McLean w/Cheese: 370 35%
Cheeseburger: 300 40%
Hamburger: 250 32%
Large Fries: 425 50%
-chocolate 350 17%
-strawberry 340 13%
-vanilla 310 15%
7.) Q. What is the special sauce?
A. The special sauce appears to be a mixture of mayonaisse, ketchup, and
relish. It is akin to thousand island dressing.
8.) Q. Why only half a slice of cheese for the Filet-O-Fish sandwich?
A. In a nutshell, because Ray Kroc liked it that way :-) I think he made
mention of this in his book Grinding it Out. One of the licensees in a
predominately Catholic neighborhood started offering a fish sandwich
because he was getting his butt kicked, in terms of sales, by all of his
competitors every Friday. Ray tried one, and while he thought it was
OK, it didn't impress him as anything special. While he was standing
there talking to the store owner, one of the crew members went on
break, grabbed a fish sandwich, broke half a slice off of a piece of
cheese and stuck it on the fish patty. That got ol' Ray thinking, and
he tried the same thing himself. He thought that was just the thing that
the Filet-O'-Fish sandwich needed to achieve a proper flavor balance.
. . .and they have had half a slice of cheese ever since.
9.) Q. Does the beef for the hamburgers come from the rainforests?
A. In the U.S., only 100% American beef is used. In other countries,
McDonald's tries to use beef of that country. So you'll probably only
get a "rainforest" hamburger in Brazil! Actually, McDonald's DOES NOT
USE RAINFOREST MEAT whatsoever. Anyone telling you different is lying.
However, some beef comes from previously cleared rainforest land.
10.) Q. Does McDonald's offer free refills?
A. Yes. Some places may not advertise it, but if you bring your cup to
the counter, they are supposed to give you a free refill (Except
in several European countries). Also, McDonald's may be making a
switch to self-serve fountain drinks in the near future.
11.) Q. What is "Q-ing", and how can I make sure my sandwich doesn't
A. "Q-ing" is the McDonald's term for microwaving (the Q stands for
"Quality"). Recently, McDonald's has been taking sandwiches that
were special ordered (i.e., extra cheese, etc.) and sticking them
in the Q-er to make them hot. The sandwiches get hot, but let's
face it -- we don't go to McDonald's for microwaved food! To get
a special order, order it AND THEN SAY "Do not microwave this
sandwich in the Q-er. I want it made the old way, fresh off the
grill". Then, if they microwave it (if you can't tell the difference,
then don't worry about it), take it back and say "I asked that this
sandwich not be "Q-d". Please remake it the way I asked". This may
seem extreme, but you have to be assertive to get what you want in
12.) Q. Where is the largest McDonald's in the WORLD?
A. The McDonald's in Beijing, China, is 28,000 square feet, 2 stories,
seats 700 and employs 1,000. This is the largest McDonald's in the
world. The Moscow McDonald's also seats 700.
13.) Q. Can you explain the McLibel trial?
A. Not too long ago, some environmentalists took McDonald's to task by
distributing a propaganda pamphlet about McDonald's allegedly evil practices.
McDonald's sued, a big mistake. Since then, McDonald's has basically spent
a lot of money looking bad at the hands of the law. Because McDonald's is
such a huge company, it is more vulnerable to such accusations. My take
on the whole thing? I think the propaganda was exaggerated, but that
McDonald's should have let it slide.
If you're REALLY interested in the McLibel trial, and also love McDonald's
propaganda (most of which, incidentally, is either untrue or greatly
exaggerated), then you need the McLibel mailserver.
To subscribe to the "mclibel" listserve, send email
14.) Q. What is the corporate address of McDonald's?
A. One McDonald's Plaza
Oak Brook, IL
Telephone #(630) 623-3000
15.) Q. This is a newsgroup devoted to McDonalds. May I discuss other fast
food restaurants here?
A. Yes. There is a generic fast food newsgroup, called alt.food.fast-food,
but its propagation is limited (I don't get it, anyways), and you are
always welcome to express your opinions on McDonald's or any other
fast food chain here on alt.mcdonalds (although the flames and trolls
got tired years ago).
16.) Q. How do I buy stock in McDonald's?
A. McDonald's has filed with the SEC for approval to sell stock.
McDirect" is designed to allow McDonald's to sell stock directly to
the public, sidestepping a broker.
But, rumor has it (in the SF Chronicle column of Herb Greenberg) the fees
are very high: $1,000.00 minimum, sales fee of $10.00, annual fee of $3.00 and
an enrollment fee of $5.00. Because this has not yet been approved, McDonald's
has no comment on any of it.
17.) Q. Any more McDonald's homepages?
A. You bet. Try:
McDonald's Corporation The
official corporate homepage of McDonald's.
DISCUSSED ON ALT.MCDONALDS.
Alt.mcdonalds: the readership A great analysis by Jan Bednarczuk regarding the people who read alt.mcdonalds.
Alt.mcdonalds Unified FAQ A great page that shows how this alt.mcdonalds FAQ was plagiarized for someone else's version.
McDonald's Collector's Club
McDonald's Fan Club
McDonald's and the Cost of Living
Front Counter customer complaints.
Grimace's Page. Some great pictures!
McSpotlight Home Page This page has quite a bit of useful information, but keep in mind: it is heavily biased against McDonald's.
Deke's Happy Meal Page Best Happy Meal toys page on the web.
McDonald's Toy Shop Various McDonald's merchandise.
Prairie Antiquarian Various fast-food toys and merchandise
Fast Food Survey Vote for your favorite fast food companies.
Glass News For Sale Some McDonald's glasses are for sale here.
Or, search for related topics using Lycos